Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029
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Warning: strtotime() [function.strtotime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 56

Warning: strtotime() [function.strtotime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 56

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 198

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 198

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3028

Warning: eregi() [function.eregi]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_sh404sef/sh404sef.class.php on line 3029

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/plugins/content/vmproductsnapshots.php on line 80

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/plugins/content/vmproductsnapshots.php on line 80

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/global.php on line 85

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/global.php on line 85

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/global.php on line 209

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/global.php on line 209

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/currency/convertECB.php on line 126

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/currency/convertECB.php on line 126

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/ps_html.php on line 239

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/ps_html.php on line 239

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/ps_html.php on line 425

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/ps_html.php on line 425

Warning: require_once() [function.require-once]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/majala18/public_html/tokoreptil.com/administrator/components/com_virtuemart/classes/template.class.php on line 71

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Cornsnake Care Sheet

Name/Common Name : Corn Snake
Scientific Name : Elaphe Guttata Guttata
By : Don Sodenberg

General Information


Corn snakes, also known as red rat snakes, Pantherophis guttatus (formerly Elaphe guttata guttata) are one of the easiest snakes to maintain in captivity. Adult corns generally average lengths between 3.5 and 4.5 feet, and no other snake species in their size class rivals the variety of colors and patterns found in corns. They are arguably the most human-tolerant snake in captivity today, and are often referred to as the tamest species in the world. We suggest reviewing the latest written data resources (books and Internet chat forums) regarding the keeping of corn snakes before acquiring one, and I recommend a captive-hatched snake over a wild one. Captive bred corns are generally parasite and disease free, and by discouraging the sale of wild-caught corn snakes, we help reduce the wild habitat damage inflicted by snake catchers. If you are shopping for a pet snake, and want unbiased opinions about which species a first-time snake owner should consider, contact your local zoo for their recommendations. I doubt that any of them will suggest a species other than corn snakes.
CAGING

Corn snakes are resourceful escapists, so be sure the cage (vivarium) you use has a secure and tightly-fitting closure. In general, snakes require fresh air, but excessive ventilation can dangerously cool the cage, with potentially dangerous consequences. We therefore recommend top ventilation such as screen tops made for aquaria; not cages with screen sides.  For hatchling corn snakes, a small enclosure (floor dimensions of 12" x 8" and at least 3" tall) with adequate ventilation will be suitable until they reach approximately 24" in length, but larger vivaria are easier to heat by way of offering two or more distinct thermal zones, not always possible in very small enclosures. These neonate (very young) corn snakes can escape from any cage with gaps or holes the size of their snout. For adults, the cage length should be approximately 1/2 the length of the snake; a 15 or 20 gallon aquarium with a locking lid is adequate for the lifetime of most corns. Many owners of young corn snakes begin with a 10 gallon aquarium, and upgrade to a 15 or 20 gallon tank. If you prefer not to have more than one cage for the lifetime of your snake, there is nothing harmful about making a 15-20 gallon (or larger) tank the first and only cage they will know. Corns are not considered "aerobic" pets, and therefore do not require a spacious cage, but naturally, larger vivaria afford them the benefit of more exercise. While aquariums are the most widely used cages for corn snakes, they are by no means the only efficient enclosures. The main reason they are the cage of choice is that their glass construction not only offers better viewing of your pet, but has the greatest number of options for heating. It is also much easier to detect fecal smudges that can harbor germs on surfaces that are light-colored or clear. If you use a cage that does not have a glass floor, research your heating options, since UT heaters (safest and most commonly used heat devices for snakes) are not safe for contact with most materials other than glass. It is recommended that each snake have its own cage. While cannibalism among corn snakes is relatively rare in communal housing scenarios, it can happen without notice, and regardless of what measures are taken to prevent it.

HEATING

HEAT is the single most important component for successful snake keeping. Whether using UT (under tank) or OT (over tank) heating, it is essential to offer your corn more than one thermal zone within the cage to facilitate successful thermoregulation.  In most cases, exclusive use of UT heating devices is satisfactory, but OT heat emitters or lights can sometimes be harmful to your snake. UT heat devices should be affixed to the underside of the vivarium, near one end only. Attaching a UT heater to the side of the vivarium is essentially useless, since virtually all heat from that device will be dissipated into the room, instead of the cage. Bear in mind that the primary location in the cage that requires monitoring is INSIDE the warm-side hide -- where your snake will spend the majority of its life in captivity.

Thermoregulation is necessary for digestion, since snakes do not have internal body heat. If not provided with a dark hide that is 80F to 85F most of the time, your snake will not thrive. Corn snakes will know when they need heat, and when they should avoid heat, so it is important to offer both temperate zones (and even a third, intermediary zone when possible). Therefore, be sure the heating device(s) are associated with only one end of the cage, so your snake can retreat to cooler hides in the unexpected event that the warm end overheats. Without electronic controllers like thermostats or rheostats (both are usually unnecessary), regardless of room temperatures, heating devices are fully ON - all of the time. By adjusting the depth of the cage substrate, it is easy to achieve proper appetite and digesting temperatures for your corn snake. If the warm-side hide is over 85F, increase the substrate depth so the snake is farther from the heat source. Conversely, if the warm-side hide is in the low 80sF (or below), decrease the substrate depth to move your snake's primary hide closer to the heat source.  In rare instances, UT and OT heaters are jointly advised, but in positioning and adjusting devices and hides, it is essential to remember that YOUR TEMPERATURE GOAL is the snake's body being 80F-85F, in order to accomplish digestion. In other words, no matter how you achieve it, your goal is to offer your snake a hiding place where its body temperature will be 80F - 85F.  OT heating is not only more expensive than UT heating, but considerably more dangerous. Because hot air rises, much of the heat output from OT heaters never reaches your snake, and nocturnal snakes do not require (or appreciate) lighting in their cages.  In addition to this, OT heating excessively dehydrates the airspace in the cage, which can contribute to incomplete skin shedding.  Such problems can lead to serious health issues, and sometimes death.  "Passive" heating with UT devices is not only safer, more natural, and less expensive, but eco-friendly - by using less electricity. Think green, AND have a healthier and happier corn snake in the process.

The simplest way to evaluate the body temperature of your snake is by placing a thermometer inside the hide on the warm side of the cage. Since your snake most efficiently digests when it is in the mid 80sF, and since its instinct is to hide during the daytime hours, it makes no sense to place a thermometer anywhere in the cage other than INSIDE THE HIDE on the warm end of the cage. It can be permanently affixed to the ceiling in the hide, or just laying inside the hide from time to time, to periodically evaluate proper appetite and digesting conditions.  Note: location of thermometer inside the coconut hide.  This has been temporarily placed for spot monitoring.

HOT ROCKS are great for some diurnal lizards, but potentially dangerous for snakes, and therefore should never be used. Because the heat is concentrated in one place, corns that are desperate to be warm, can receive harmful contact burns. More likely, they will avoid such heating devices, and in doing so, will get sick from spending too much time in cooler zones of the cage. All snakes can benefit from fluorescent UV lighting, but it is not necessary for corns. Corn snakes are considered to be nocturnal, and for thousands of years have not required direct sunlight to survive. Indirect light from a window or room lighting is sufficient to represent the transition from day to night. Do not position your corn snake's cage near a window, where dangerous greenhouse-effect heating from the sun can endanger your pet's life.

SUBSTRATE

As a substrate for the cage, remember the three don'ts. Don't use CEDAR, don't use ANY KIND OF BARK, and don't use SAND or GRAVEL. Cedar shavings and pine or fir bark products are toxic to snakes, and should never be used.  Sand and gravel are non-absorbent, thereby allowing the growth of bacteria that can cause odor and disease.  If ingested, indigestible sand and gravel pass through the digestive tract of snakes, and can cause serious internal injuries. Not only can such non-organic substrates cause intestinal impactions in your pet, but sand and gravel are excessively abrasive to your snake's skin.

Folded newspaper (while not aesthetic) is sanitary, inexpensive, and convenient, but many layers are necessary to create a barrier between the snake and the heat source (UT or OT). Shredded newsprint does not form a solid substratum, and therefore is not recommended. Aspen pulp bedding (available in most pet stores) is a naturally absorbent substrate that most breeders and keepers use for its relative neutral smell, and reduced natural resin content. Pine and fir pulp shavings, which contain higher levels of oils and resins, are potentially more toxic, and should only be used for adult corns - in well ventilated cages. Intoxication at harmful levels has been reported in cases where snakes coincidentally ingested pine or fir wood products. In addition to the potential for casual (and usually unintentional) ingestion, these relatively harmful bedding particles are consumed during feeding, and even pose a risk of toxically polluting the snake's drinking water. Avoid using bark forms of pine and fir, as they are the parts of trees with the highest resin concentrations that are potentially harmful to snakes.  In addition to contributing to snake deaths from ingestion of bark pieces (often only surgically removable), constant bodily contact results in the slow-dose intake of toxins into your snake's bloodstream, via absorption through their skin.  

Aspen is the substrate of choice for snake keepers that want to display their pets on attractive bedding that offers the lowest risks of injury and intoxication. The particulate shapes of most aspen beddings make spot cleaning a breeze, and total replacement is often necessary only a few times annually. Let your eyes and nose dictate the frequency of substrate maintenance. Many pet stores offer recycled newspaper products made for cage substrates that are sanitary, and absorbent, and make excellent cage floor coverings. We do not recommend the use of cage "carpeting", as it is not absorbent (thereby promoting bacterial growth that results in odor), and many layers would be required to create a safe temperature buffer between your snakes and UT heaters.

WATER

Your corn snake should always have access to clean drinking water. While the size of the water dish is not necessarily crucial, some snakes enjoy soaking their entire bodies to soften their skin before shedding, and larger water receptacles offer refuge in the event of cage overheating. The water should be routinely changed at least twice a week, and immediately if soiled or cloudy-looking. City tap water often contains chlorine and fluoride that can be in relatively harmful proportions for small snakes. Filtered drinking water (affordably available at all grocery stores) is recommended, but do not use distilled water, as it lacks valuable minerals essential for proper nutrition in your pet. Home water softeners add minerals and chemicals such as sodium (or potassium), and are therefore not recommended.

HIDES

Snakes have relatively poor long-range eyesight, and therefore are stressed in the open spaces of their cages. Hides are advisable to help reduce stress in your snake, and we recommend at least one for each end of the cage. Keep in mind that if a hide does not truly offer darkness for your snake, it may not be utilized. For animals like snakes that do not have eyelids or limbs with which to block light from their eyes, sufficiently dark hides in both the warm and cool zones of the cage are essential to their mental and digestive health. A corn snake's instinct to hide is greater than its instinct to utilize digestion-friendly temperature zones in the cage, so they may not frequent warm hides that are not sufficiently dark inside. A section of bark or an empty box of appropriate size, in more than one location is usually sufficient to encourage the thermoregulation necessary for proper digestion.

Most pet shops sell decorative plastic or ceramic hides that will enhance the appearance of your vivarium, but consider stuffing the cavity of such hollow accessories, in order to prevent your snake from becoming stuck inside. I have lately become fond of half-coconut shells as hides, because of the darkness afforded your snake. If you use natural tree parts as cage accessories, thoroughly soak them in a mild bleach/water solution to kill parasites. Thoroughly rinse and dry, before placement in the cage.

Wild corn snakes climb for many reasons, but climbing is not crucial in captive settings. In the wild, snakes climb to find prey, and to escape predators, but such climbing opportunities in cages can sometimes facilitate escapes. Climbing accessories can increase thermoregulation opportunities in cage situations where ground hides are inadequate, or when overheating occurs at lower cage levels, but if thermometers are properly placed and monitored, climbing is not a necessary thermal option. If you use a branch in the cage, your snake will be able to get closer to the top, so recheck any gaps around the lid, and ensure that it is weighted down or securely fastened.

FEEDING

Your corn snake should be fed captive bred rodents only. Lizards, birds, and rodents (wild or captively- produced) can transfer parasites to your snake, so only feed such items after deep freezing. If your snake refuses domestic rodents, consult a professional snake breeder or corn snake book for temporary alternative recommendations. Regarding what size prey to feed your corn snake, a general rule of thumb is feed them a rodent that is under twice the diameter of the snake's mid-body girth (preferably 1.5 times that girth), but only if proper digesting temperatures are made available to your pet.

Hatchling corns will eat one mouse pinky (newborn mouse) once or twice weekly. They will often want more, but feeding more than this can be dangerous to the health of your snake, unless you have optimal temperatures, and adequate cage space for exercise. A rule of thumb regarding the size you feed is that if the bulge corresponding to the food item in the stomach of the snake is not obvious 24 hours after feeding, you should be able to graduate to the next prey size. The normal progression of sizes is small pinky - large pinky - fuzzy - hopper - weaned - adult.  We recommend acquiring your frozen rodents from one of the many Online rodent businesses. Sometimes, pet stores run out of some sizes of frozen rodents, so having an inventory in your freezer ensures that you will always feed the correct size to your snake.  In healthy snakes with proper cage temperatures, digestion is generally complete in three days. It is advisable to feed prekilled or stunned rodents, as there is a slight possibility of injury from the prey during the kill. If you feed live prey, be sure not to leave the snake unattended until after ingestion. If the snake refuses the rodent for any reason, remove it, and repeat the offering on another day. If your snake unexpectedly refuses food, consult an experienced snake keeper for advice. Do not repeatedly offer what your snake is refusing to eat, as it may become conditioned to reject that prey item in the future, and you may be wasting valuable time in correcting potential health problems. Corn snakes can fast for long periods, but only if necessary, so establishment of a routine feeding schedule is recommended. It is not necessary to strictly adhere to such feeding regimens, but long periods of fasting are not recommended unless you are brumating (hibernating) your snake in preparation for breeding, and then only under proper temperature conditions.

BREEDING

Corn snakes are one of the easiest species to breed in captivity. Consult a breeder or a good corn snake book if and when you are ready to breed your snakes. Remember, after the eggs hatch, the babies are an enormous responsibility, so if you do not have a good plan for placement of the babies, do not breed the adults. Breeding is not necessary for their health, and you do not want to be responsible for the deaths of the babies, due to your inability to maintain them, or place them in good homes.

CAGE AND ACCESSORY SHOPPING LIST
  • Cage with secure cover or door (aquariums with screen tops recommended)
  • Heating device(s)
  • Thermostat or rheostat (both optional)
  • Hides (two or more hiding places)
  • Thermometers (two or more recommended)
  • Water bowl(s) – one is sufficient
  • Substrate/bedding (aspen recommended)
  • Lighting (optional)
This care sheet is not intended to be a definitive corn snake information resource. Before purchasing any pet, research as much data as possible, and solicit the advice of experienced snake keepers. In addition to the books offered on this web site, the Internet offers a virtual wealth of good information, but use caution in disseminating those data.  In the absence of peer review and scientific scrutinization of Internet content, anyone can say anything about any subject.  Therefore, blend the information gathered before taking actions that could ultimately endanger the health and safety of your pets.  Question the credentials of Internet publishers, and don't be shy to ask questions in popular (and the most active) corn snake chat forums on the web.  Remember also that veterinarians cannot diagnose and recommend treatment for your pets without a direct, hands-on examination. If you suspect your snake may be ill, solicit the services of a qualified reptile vet, since many vets have little or no experience with cold-blooded pets. Anyone on the Internet offering guesses as to what may be wrong with your snake is not a vet, and you therefore endanger the health of your snake by following their non-professional advice.   Prevention is the best medicine.  Through common sense snake husbandry practices, thousands of my customers can say they never took their snakes to a vet, and their snakes were never ill.

With permission from Don Sodenberg, South Mountain Reptile


 

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